- Title:
- Fernando Oliveira (UNB)
- When:
- 21.10.2009 16.00 h - 17.30 h
- Where:
- Auditório 201 - Niterói
- Categoría:
- Colóquios

**Anomalous Diffusion and Basic Theorems in Statistical Mechanics**

A recent paper [1] has called attention to the fact that irreversibility is a broader concept than ergodicity, and that therefore the Khinchin theorem (KT) [2] may fail in some systems. In this work, we have shown that the KT (proved by Khinchin for normal diffusion) holds for all kinds of diffusive processes, which are ergodic in the range of exponents $0<\alpha<2$ [3]. This result may have deep consequences in many areas. Moreover, it could be verified in and applied to experimental systems, such as the subdiffusive dynamics of the distance between an electron transfer donor and acceptor pair within a single protein molecule, which has recently been modelled by a Generalized Langevin Equation (GLE). Such a model successfully explains the equilibrium fluctuations and its broad range of time scales, being in excellent agreement with experiments. The KT gives the Ergodic Hypothesis a practical character, since it is expressed in terms of response functions: our results apply for real-valued relaxation functions $R(t)$; on the other hand, if the relaxation function assumes complex values, e.g. conductivity, the final value theorem may not be applied. For those systems, the KT fails, as proposed in Ref. [1].

In principle, it is generally possible to derive a GLE for Markovian systems by eliminating variables, whose effects are incorporated in the memory kernel and in the colored noise. Altogether, some results obtained for the GLE formalism should be valid for diffusion described by fractional Fokker-Planck equations, since both formalisms yield similar results. For nonlinear Hamiltonian maps there is no general framework to address the problem and, in particular, the absence of a coupling to a thermal bath (explicit in the GLE) and consequently the

lack of a detailed balance relation or FDT may require a specific analysis of each case. However, since it is possible to give a kinetic description of the Hamiltonian dynamics by means of a fractional Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation, it is expected that the treatment of anomalous diffusion in such systems should also be possible by the GLE formalism. Further research in this direction is needed and will open new perspectives.

[1] M. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190601 (2007).

[2] A. I. Khinchin, Mathematical Foundations of Statistical Mechanics (Dover), New York, 1949.

[3] L. C. Lapas, M. H. Vainstein, R. Morgado, J. M. Rubi, and F. A. Oliveira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 230602 (2008).

- Grupo:
- Auditório 201
- Street:
- Av. Litorânea
- ZIP:
- 24210-346
- City:
- Niterói
- State:
- Rj
- Country:

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